Causes of Arthritis in Cats
Several possible causes of arthritis in cats include:
- Genetics: Studies have shown that certain breeds have an increased risk for developing arthritis due to underlying joint issues. For example, feline hip dysplasia is most frequently seen in Maine Coon cats, as well as Siamese and Persian breeds. Dislocation of the knee cap, technically known as patella luxation, is found in Abyssinian and Devon Rex cats. Scottish Folds cats are prone to severe arthritis affecting multiple joints due to a cartilage abnormality specific to the breed.
- Weight: Although there is no clinical evidence that obesity is directly linked to arthritis, it can worsen existing conditions.
- Acromegaly: This unusual condition found in geriatric cats is noted by a tumor located in the pituitary gland. As a result of secreting an excessive amount of growth hormone, affected cats typically develop diabetes mellitus as a result, as well as a secondary form of arthritis in the joints.
- Normal progression of a cat as they get older